Minimum 2 partitions are needed for installing Linux. The one “/ or root” is which contains all the files and the other is swap. Linux file system is function specific which means that files and folders are organized according to their functionality. For example, all executable are in one folder, all devices in another, all libraries in another and so on. “/ or root” is the base of this file system. All the other folders are under this one. “/” can be consider as “C:”. Swap is a partition that will be used as virtual memory. If there is no more available RAM a Linux computer will use an area of the hard disk, called swap, to temporarily store data. In other words it is a way of expanding your computers RAM.
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